51 Mountainash Road, Unit 9 Brampton, ON, L6R 1W4
9845 Chinguacousy Road Unit 1 Brampton On L6X 0V1
755 Queensway East, Mississauga, ON, Canada

Also known as adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder is a condition characterized by a painful and stiff shoulder joint. Its symptoms slowly worsen over time, limiting the range of motion of the shoulder. Without prompt treatment, the affected tissues in the shoulder joint can potentially become thicker and tighter, causing the development of scar tissue. This results in the reduction of space in your shoulder joint; hence, it limits the shoulder from moving and rotating properly.

Some of the most common frozen shoulder symptoms are pain, swelling, and stiffness. Patients reported that the pain in the shoulder muscle can be felt wrapping around the top of the arm. The pain could become worse during the night, which can cause sleep disturbance. Diabetes can also increase a person’s risk of frozen shoulder.

Unlike other conditions, there are 3 unique stages of a frozen shoulder, which each stage having its unique symptoms and timeline:


  • Freezing Stage


    • Pain can be felt whenever you move your shoulder
    • Shoulder pain eventually worsen and hurts more at night
    • Pain can last between 6 to 9 months
    • Limited shoulder movement


  • Frozen Stage
    • Reduced pain but more stiffness in the shoulder joint
    • Shoulder stiffness results in a limited range of motion
    • The frozen stage can last from 4 to 12 months


  • Thawing Stage
    • Range of motion is slowly restored
    • The thawing stage can take between 6 to 24 months

Frozen Shoulder Causes

The causes of frozen shoulder are not fully understood. However, there are certain factors that increase your risk of the condition, including:

  • Age and Sex

Women aged 40 to 60 are more likely at risk of frozen shoulder

  • Systemic Disease

Certain health conditions can be a contributing factor to the development of the condition. These include:

    • Diabetes
    • Thyroid disorders (hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism)
    • Tuberculosis
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Parkinson’s disease


  • Immobility

People with reduced shoulder mobility are at higher risk of developing a frozen shoulder condition. Prolonged immobility problems may be caused by the following factors:

    • Stroke
    • Rotator cuff injury
    • Fractured arm
    • Recovery from surgical procedure

What We Can Do to Treat Frozen Shoulder

While you can turn to over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to alleviate shoulder pain and inflammation, physiotherapy provides a longer-lasting solution. Brampton Physiocare and Wellness Clinic offers safe and effective alternative treatment options for frozen shoulder.

We understand that each frozen shoulder patients have unique needs. That is why we take pride in employing highly trained physiotherapists to provide you with a personalized treatment and care program that will help you get movement back in your shoulder.

Our licensed physiotherapist will examine your condition so you do not have to wait long to restore the natural movement, mobility, and functionality of your shoulder. We use a variety of techniques and modalities that include stretching and strengthening exercises as part of our physiotherapy plan for treating a frozen shoulder.

To effectively decrease pain and improve the range of motion of your shoulder, our physiotherapist will supervise you to ensure proper execution of the exercises provided in your treatment plan.

To learn more about our physiotherapy services, give us a call at (905) 497-1311 or (905) 454-4975 to book an appointment.